Crohn s Disease CancerCrohn's disease or Crohn's disease or IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) or also known as regional enteritis, is a disease chronic inflammatory bowel that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract , from mouth to anus , causing a wide range of symptoms. It mainly causes abdominal pain , diarrhea (which may also be bloody if the inflammation is important), vomiting or weight loss , but it can moreover cause complication external the gastrointestinal tract just like skin rashes , rheumatoid arthritis , eye inflammation, fatigue and poor concentration.
Crohn's disease is believed to be an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract causing inflammation, but is classified as a type of inflammatory bowel disease. There is evidence of a susceptibility gene for the disease and this leads us to consider individuals with sick brothers among individuals at high risk. Males and females are equally affected. Cigarette smokers have two times more likely to develop Crohn's disease than non-smokers. Crohn's disease affects between 400,000 and 600,000 people in North America. The prevalence estimated for Northern Europe ranges from 27 to 48 per 100,000 inhabitants. Crohn's disease tends to at hand at the outset in the teens and twenties, with another peak incidence between fifty and seventy years, even though the disease can come about at in the least age.
There is no cure pharmaceutical or surgical known for Crohn's disease. The treatment options are limited to symptom control, maintenance of remission and relapse prevention.
The disease is named subsequent to American gastroenterologist BurrillBernard Crohn , which, in 1932 , along with 2 colleagues, described a sequence of patients with inflammation of ileus terminal, the area most affected by the disease. For this reason, the disease has also been called regional ileitis or regional enteritis.