Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the physical and mental development of children and the diagnosis and treatment of childhood diseases .
The neonatology is part of Pediatrics that deals with infants within the first month of life. Cooperation between pediatrics and obstetrics can prevent malformations of the fetus and to cure disease from birth.
In modern times, illnesses of children begin to be considered separately in the second half of the sixteenth century, as evidenced by the De morbis puerorum of Jerome Mercuriali . And they began to open centers devoted to the study of childhood diseases.
In the nineteenth century in Europe (particularly France and Germany ) and in North America will create the first children's hospitals modern.
The term derives from the greek pais which means the Child and Iatros which means doctor.
The status of a pediatrician is reached with the school attendance of specialists in pediatric (5 years) that can only be accessed after graduating in medicine and surgery and the license to practice medicine.
United States of America
The requirements to become a pediatrician in the U.S. leave, usually by four years of college , after which he studied medicine for four years. After completing the study of medicine requires a three-year specialization in pediatrics. To be officially recognized as such work and the pediatrician must remain within ' Register of Pediatrics .